Tag: Defense and Military Forces

Why Ukraine Matters to Vladimir Putin

Anton Troianovski contributed reporting. The Daily is made by Lisa Tobin, Rachel Quester, Lynsea Garrison, Clare Toeniskoetter, Paige Cowett, Michael Simon Johnson, Brad Fisher, Larissa Anderson, Chris Wood, Jessica Cheung, Stella Tan, Alexandra Leigh Young, Lisa Chow, Eric Krupke, Marc Georges, Luke Vander Ploeg, M.J. Davis Lin, Austin Mitchell, Dan Powell, Dave Shaw, Sydney Harper, […]

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Pearl Harbor and the Capacity for Surprise

Third resemblance: The direct targets of their aggression are relatively weak. Taiwan has plans to boost its military budget but now spends barely 2 percent of its gross domestic product on defense. Ukraine has been worn down by years of low-grade conflict with Russian-backed separatists, to say nothing of the corruption and incompetence that has […]

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Biden and Putin Hold Virtual Summit Over Ukraine

WASHINGTON — President Biden warned President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia on Tuesday that an invasion of Ukraine would result in heavy economic penalties for him and lead NATO to reposition its troops in Europe, measures that he said would go well beyond the West’s response to Russia’s annexation of Crimea seven years ago. In […]

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India and Russia Expand Defense Ties, Despite Prospect of U.S. Sanctions

NEW DELHI — India and Russia announced expanding defense ties on Monday during a visit by President Vladimir Putin to New Delhi, including the details of a $5.4 billion missile defense system sale to India, despite a risk of sanctions from the United States. “Supplies have begun this month and will continue to happen,” India’s […]

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On Ukrainian Front, Grinding War and Weary Anticipation of Invasion

AVDIIVKA, Ukraine — Machine gun fire broke the stillness just after 8 p.m. when Capt. Denis Branitskii was midway through the evening patrol. The shots came in sporadic bursts and were close by, fired by Russian-backed separatists whose positions were obscured in the darkness. Only when the flash of a rocket-propelled grenade illuminated the newly […]

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Aung San Suu Kyi Falls, but Myanmar’s Democratic Hopes Move On

When a court in Myanmar on Monday sentenced Daw Aung San Suu Kyi to four years in custody, it closed a chapter on an era of weak and compromised democracy in a Southeast Asian nation long ruled by a military fist. But already, a new democratic movement has emerged — younger, more progressive, more confrontational […]

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Why Is Russia Massing Troops on Its Ukraine Border?

MOSCOW — As the Kremlin masses troops near Ukraine, it is signaling one core conviction: Russia cares more about the fate of its southwestern neighbor than the West ever will. In speeches, interviews and lengthy articles, President Vladimir V. Putin and his close associates have telegraphed a singular fixation this year on the former Soviet […]

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On Syria’s Ruins, a Drug Empire Flourishes

BEIRUT, Lebanon — Built on the ashes of 10 years of war in Syria, an illegal drug industry run by powerful associates and relatives of President Bashar al-Assad has grown into a multi-billion-dollar operation, eclipsing Syria’s legal exports and turning the country into the world’s newest narcostate. Its flagship product is captagon, an illegal, addictive […]

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Fatalities Reported After Military Truck Rams Protesters in Myanmar

A military vehicle drove through a group of protesters in Myanmar on Sunday, resulting in fatalities and leaving at least eight people injured, according to local media, eyewitnesses and video footage from the scene. The incident occurred on Sunday morning in Yangon, Myanmar’s most populous city. Soldiers fired into the group, according to two eyewitnesses. […]

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U.S. Intelligence Sees Russian Plan for Possible Ukraine Invasion

WASHINGTON — The Biden administration’s growing alarm about a potential Russian invasion of Ukraine is based in part on U.S. intelligence that Moscow has drawn up plans for a military offensive involving an estimated 175,000 troops as soon as early next year. An unclassified U.S. intelligence document details some of the intelligence findings, including the […]

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Blinken Trades Warnings With Russia’s Lavrov Over Ukraine, NATO

WASHINGTON — Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken said on Thursday that President Biden would “likely” speak directly with President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia “in the near future,” as part of a frantic diplomatic effort to head off what Western officials fear could be a Russian invasion of Ukraine. Mr. Blinken spoke to reporters […]

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Pope Francis Heads to Cyprus

ROME — Pope Francis flew to Cyprus on Thursday, beginning a five-day trip that would also bring him to Greece and its island of Lesbos, where in 2016 he made a defining visit to refugees living in horrid conditions and brought some back to Rome on his plane. The trip, the 35th abroad for Francis, […]

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‘Call Me Dog Tag Man’: Pacific Island Is Full of War Relics and Human Remains

BIAK, Indonesia — On a remote coral island in Indonesia, a history lover who keeps a collection of old bombs in his living room scours the jungle for war relics — and sometimes finds human bones, too. “People call me Dog Tag Man,” said Alberth Wakum, who hopes one day to open a museum showcasing […]

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Putin and West Spar Over NATO’s Military Ties to Ukraine

MOSCOW — President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia demanded “legal guarantees” on Wednesday that the NATO alliance would never expand eastward, ratcheting up the stakes as the West scrambled to respond to Russia’s military buildup near Ukraine. Mr. Putin, who has increasingly portrayed Ukraine’s deepening military partnership with the United States and other NATO countries […]

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U.S. Removes Colombia’s FARC Rebel Group From Terrorist List

WASHINGTON — The State Department removed the Revolutionary Forces of Colombia from its list of foreign terrorist organizations on Tuesday, as many of the group’s former commanders have turned to conventional politics after a decades-long conflict. In a statement, Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken said the group, known as FARC, had “formally dissolved and […]

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Israel and Iran Broaden Cyberwar to Attack Civilian Targets

Millions of ordinary people in Iran and Israel recently found themselves caught in the crossfire of a cyberwar between their countries. In Tehran, a dentist drove around for hours in search of gasoline, waiting in long lines at four gas stations only to come away empty. In Tel Aviv, a well-known broadcaster panicked as the […]

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How Far Would Biden Go to Defend Ukraine Against Russia?

Russia has not explicitly threatened to invade Ukraine, but it has complained of alleged provocations from the Ukrainian side of their shared border. Mr. Putin has supported a pro-Russian separatist insurgency in the former Soviet republic’s east since 2014, when a popular revolution ousted Ukraine’s Putin-backed president. Russia annexed Ukraine’s Crimean Peninsula soon afterward. In […]

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Who Is Olaf Scholz, Germany’s Next Chancellor?

BERLIN — Olaf Scholz succeeded in his campaign to become the next chancellor of Germany primarily by convincing voters that he would be very much like the towering and long-serving figure he will replace: Angela Merkel. Terse, well-briefed and abstaining from any gesture of triumph, Mr. Scholz not only sounded like the outgoing chancellor, he […]

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Chun Doo-hwan, South Korea’s Most Vilified Ex-Military Dictator, Dies at 90

Dissidents, student activists and journalists were hauled into torture chambers. Under Mr. Chun’s “social purification” program, the government rounded up tens of thousands of gangsters, homeless people, political dissidents and others deemed to be unhealthy elements of the society and trucked them to military barracks for brutal re-education. Hundreds were reported to have died under […]

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As Hopes for Nuclear Deal Fade, Iran Rebuilds and Risks Grow

Robert Malley, the State Department’s Iran envoy, said recently that while “it is in Iran’s hands to choose” which path to take, the United States and other allies need to be prepared for whichever choice Tehran makes. He noted that Mr. Biden and Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken “have both said if diplomacy fails, […]

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Myanmar’s Notorious Army Is Facing a Morale Crisis

Aung Myo Htet had always dreamed of being a soldier, and had attained the rank of captain. But when he joined the army in Myanmar, he had thought he would be defending his country, not fighting — and losing — pitched battles against his own countrymen. In June, he was sent to the front lines […]

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U.S. Warns Allies of Possible Russian Incursion as Troops Amass Near Ukraine

WASHINGTON — American intelligence officials are warning allies that there is a short window of time to prevent Russia from taking military action in Ukraine, pushing European countries to work with the United States to develop a package of economic and military measures to deter Moscow, according to American and European officials. Russia has not […]

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On Putin’s Strategic Chessboard, a Series of Destabilizing Moves

“I welcome signs of readiness on the other side not just to produce and promote its own points and views,” Mr. Ryabkov, the deputy foreign minister, said, “but also to listen to what we are telling them.” Before he sat down with Mr. Putin in Geneva in June, Mr. Biden met with leaders of the […]

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China’s Influence Looms Over Blinken’s Africa Visit

ABUJA, Nigeria — When Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken drove into Nigeria’s capital Abuja from the airport on Thursday, his motorcade zoomed past the China Chamber of Commerce in Nigeria building, a domed, almost palace-like structure along the expressway. It was a similar story a day earlier in Nairobi, where Mr. Blinken drove to […]

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Biden Met With Xi. But Is His China Policy Right?

The choreography has been exquisite. President Biden spent his first nine months in office trying to gain leverage over China: He patched up trade disputes with America’s allies. He hosted the first-ever in-person meeting of leaders of “The Quad,” which forged deeper ties between the United States, India, Japan and Australia, all of which sit […]

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Strike on U.S. Base Was Iranian Response to Israeli Attack, Officials Say

An armed drone strike last month on an American military base in southern Syria was Iranian retaliation for Israeli airstrikes in Syria, according to eight American and Israeli officials who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss intelligence matters. The drone attack, which caused no casualties, would be the first time Iran has directed […]

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Pentagon Chief Expected to Discuss 2019 Airstrike That Killed Dozens

WASHINGTON — Defense Secretary Lloyd J. Austin III is expected on Wednesday to make his first public comments about a U.S. airstrike in Syria in 2019 that killed dozens of women and children, Pentagon officials said. Mr. Austin, who became secretary earlier this year after the Biden administration began, received a briefing on Tuesday about […]

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Russia Acknowledges Antisatellite Missile Test

MOSCOW — Russia’s military acknowledged on Tuesday that it had conducted a test of an antisatellite weapon that obliterated a target in orbit, sending a vast cloud of debris zipping around Earth and forcing astronauts on the International Space Station to seek shelter. The announcement followed a day of silence in Moscow about the sophisticated […]

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Ex-I.D.F. Soldiers Share First-Person Accounts in ‘Mission: Hebron’

I joined the army when I was 18 years old. Military service is mandatory in Israel (with few exemptions) and we’re instructed to never doubt its necessity. But I wanted to make films, so I maneuvered my way into the Israel Defense Forces’ film unit. The army is where I learned the craft of filmmaking, […]

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Russian Anti-Satellite Weapon Test Debris Forces Astronauts to Shelter

Russia carried out an antisatellite missile test on Monday, obliterating one of its own satellites in orbit. The test created a vast cloud of debris that continues to orbit Earth, and some of the material loomed dangerously close to the International Space Station, forcing astronauts to take shelter for hours in a pair of spacecraft […]

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How a Dispute Over Groceries Led to Artillery Strikes in Ukraine

HRANITNE, Ukraine — Artillery shells fired by Russian-backed separatists shrieked into this small town deep in the flatlands of eastern Ukraine, shearing branches from trees, scooping out craters, blowing up six houses and killing one Ukrainian soldier. It was an all-too-common response to the smallest of provocations — a dispute over grocery shopping for a […]

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