A federal appeals court in Washington on Monday dismissed a Democratic-led House committee lawsuit for the testimony of former White House counsel Don McGahn, finding the lawmakers lack legal grounds to enforce their subpoena in court.
The 2-1 ruling by a three-judge panel of the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals was the latest setback for Democrats in their yearlong court battle over a subpoena issued to McGahn in April of last year.
The full D.C. Circuit ruled just three weeks ago in the case that the House has standing to sue to enforce its subpoena. But the panel ruled Monday that the lawmakers still lack a valid legal claim to make in court since Congress never authorized the House to bring such lawsuits.
“If Congress (rather than a single committee in a single chamber thereof) determines that its current mechanisms leave it unable to adequately enforce its subpoenas, it remains free to enact a statute that makes the House’s requests for information judicially enforceable,” Judge Thomas Griffith, who was appointed by former President George W. Bush, wrote in the majority decision.
The decision, which can be appealed, would make the House powerless to enforce its subpoenas in court.
Judge Judith Rogers, who was appointed by former President Clinton, dissented from the panel’s decision, arguing that the House committee has a legal claim to seek the enforcement of the subpoena and rejecting McGahn’s argument that he can refuse to comply with it.
“By asserting that he need not even appear in response to the Committee’s duly issued subpoena, he in essence contends that the President may unilaterally determine that no information will be disclosed in response to the subpoena. He thereby seeks to revive a view of Presidential power expressly rejected by the Supreme Court,” Rogers wrote.
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“If allowed to stand, this wrong-headed Court of Appeals panel ruling threatens to strike a grave blow to one of the most fundamental Constitutional roles of the Congress: to conduct oversight on behalf of the American people, including by issuing our lawful and legitimate subpoenas,” Pelosi said in a statement. “The ruling represents a flawed judicial attack on the entire House of Representatives; in the past, both Republicans and Democrats have successfully sought to enforce House subpoenas in court.
“This unprecedented ruling again represents a direct challenge to our Constitution’s system of checks and balances and therefore to our very Democracy, particularly in light of this Administration’s blanket defiance and obstruction of Congress’s constitutional legislative oversight authority,” the Speaker added.
The Trump administration has ordered McGahn to refuse to comply with the House subpoena and argued in court that the president and his close advisers have absolute immunity to such congressional investigative demands.
The Department of Justice, which is representing McGahn in the case, did not immediately respond when asked for comment.
Monday’s decision did not address Trump’s immunity claims.
The ruling comes a day after it was revealed that McGahn, as White House counsel, raised concerns about the security clearance of the president’s son-in-law and senior adviser, Jared KushnerJared Corey KushnerMcGahn argued Kushner’s security clearance should be downgraded: book UAE formally ends boycott of Israel under deal advocated by Trump NBA flexes muscle amid partisan attacks MORE, according to a forthcoming book.
Updated at 4:10 p.m.