This Neighborhood Stifled Gangs and Guns. Then a New Killer Moved In.

Not long ago, the main public health threat facing people living in and around the Baisley Park Houses complex in South Jamaica, Queens, was one that had taken too many young lives: gangs armed with guns.

When a 14-year-old shooting baskets was killed accidentally in October by a bullet fired in a gang dispute, the death galvanized the neighborhood to take action. Community leaders negotiated a cease-fire and shootings had dropped significantly by earlier this year.

Now, the area faces an even greater crisis as the coronavirus spreads through the Baisley Park development’s brick high-rises and down the nearby blocks of blue-collar homes, and this time those being taken to hospitals and graves are mostly older residents with little or no connection to gun violence, residents and officials said.

“We are losing the matriarchs and patriarchs in our neighborhood,” said Erica Ford, who founded LIFE Camp, a nonprofit group that tries to stem street violence. “We had just managed to bring shootings down. Then the virus made its way here.”

It is a predominantly black area, and during the peak of the crisis, in early April, nearly 70 percent of the residents of the ZIP code that covers it who were tested for the virus tested positive, according to city Health Department data. At least 144 people have died from the ZIP code have died.

Across New York City, the death rate for black and Hispanic residents has been much higher than it has for other racial groups, underscoring longstanding and persistent inequalities in the nation’s largest city.

Sept Jones, a funeral director in the area, said he would typically retrieve two or three bodies a day from local homes before the pandemic. By mid-April, he said, the number was in the double digits.

“I actually had to shut down my phone,” Mr. Jones said. “There were too many bodies to pick up.”

Not all the victims have been older. One night in March Kalema McKethan, a 36-year-old civil servant, returned home to the Baisley Park Houses with exciting news for her mother and 13-year-old daughter: She had just been promoted to supervisor at the Department of Motor Vehicles.

Days later, she developed an itch in her throat, followed by what seemed like common cold symptoms. Within a week, she began to have trouble breathing and went to a hospital.

“I spoke to her on the phone everyday,” an uncle, Ellis McKethan, said. “She tried to stay optimistic, but in her voice, she sounded scared.”

On March 31, Ms. McKethan, who was otherwise healthy, died of Covid-19, the disease caused by the coronavirus.

“It just hurts, the way she left and how quickly,” her mother, Lillian McKethan, said.

It took nearly two months and calls to a dozen funeral homes before Ms. McKethan’s family was able to find one in Brooklyn that could arrange a small memorial service. “They were all overwhelmed,” her sister, Karinda Colon, said.

The funeral, with everyone maintaining six feet of distance, left family members feeling cheated. “She was embraced by everyone,” her uncle said. “And now we can’t even say goodbye the right way.”

Au Hogan, the president of the Baisley Park Houses Tenants Association, said that the pandemic had hit the complex’s residents project hard.

“This is a different kind of enemy,” he said. “This is a real gangster. You won’t even see it coming and it will take all of your loved ones.”

ImageJunior Miller’s mother and brother died of the coronavirus.
Credit…James Estrin/The New York Times

Days after Ms. McKethan’s death, Mary Alice Miller, 69, who lived an apartment building less than a mile away, died of Covid-19. One of her sons, Jermaine Miller, had succumbed to the virus two weeks earlier, three days shy of his 45th birthday.

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Ms. Miller and Jermaine had been inseparable, family members said. When he was diagnosed with the disease in March, she found it heart-wrenching not to be able to visit him at the hospital.

“My mom was just scared,” said Junior Miller, 50, one of Ms. Miller’s three children. “She was not eating. She was just worried about her baby.”

Jemaine Miller’s health deteriorated rapidly. He died on March 19, leaving a wife and two children behind. About a week later, Ms. Miller developed symptoms eerily similar to her son’s, including a severe back ache and labored breathing.

“She never had contact with my brother while he was sick,” Junior Miller said.

He was to bring his mother to the hospital and to leave her mother at the entrance. By April 1, she had been found to have Covid-19, he said. A day later, she called him with ominous news.

“She told me she felt like she was passing,” Mr. Miller recalled. “She told me she loved us and to stay strong. I said, ‘No, Mom, I will see you tomorrow and call you from the parking lot.’”

She died early the next day.

It was shockingly fast demise for a woman who had been an active and healthy matriarch of her family, her son said. Ms. Miller had recently taken a part-time customer service job at Madison Square Garden after retiring with the Postal Service. Before he died, Jermaine Miller, had dedicated his life to working with troubled youth in Southeast Queens, his brother said.

On April 27, more than 400 friends and relatives attended a virtual funeral service for mother and son. Ten other relatives also got sick with the virus but recovered, Mr. Miller said.

“We still can’t come to grips that we lost them both,” Mr. Miller said. “We are just lost.”

Many of the people in Southeast Jamaica who were exposed to the virus were bus drivers, cleaners and blue collar medical professionals who could not afford to stay home while the pandemic subsides, said Adrienne Adams, a City Council member who represents parts of the area.

Ms. Adams said she feared that many of small local businesses, like the barber shops that double as neighborhood gathering spots, will not have the financial resources to reopen when New York State’s stay-at-home orders are lifted.

“This has been a horrible, horrible season for black and brown people,” she said. “The number of people ill is extremely high.”

Ms. Adams’s father, who is 84, was found to have the virus after he was taken to Long Island Jewish Hospital with heart failure symptoms. Once a robust, fiercely independent man, he has appeared thinner and lethargic during FaceTime conversations from the hospital, she said.


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  • Frequently Asked Questions and Advice

    Updated May 20, 2020

    • What are the symptoms of coronavirus?

      Common symptoms include fever, a dry cough, fatigue and difficulty breathing or shortness of breath. Some of these symptoms overlap with those of the flu, making detection difficult, but runny noses and stuffy sinuses are less common. The C.D.C. has also added chills, muscle pain, sore throat, headache and a new loss of the sense of taste or smell as symptoms to look out for. Most people fall ill five to seven days after exposure, but symptoms may appear in as few as two days or as many as 14 days.

    • How many people have lost their jobs due to coronavirus in the U.S.?

      Over 38 million people have filed for unemployment since March. One in five who were working in February reported losing a job or being furloughed in March or the beginning of April, data from a Federal Reserve survey released on May 14 showed, and that pain was highly concentrated among low earners. Fully 39 percent of former workers living in a household earning $40,000 or less lost work, compared with 13 percent in those making more than $100,000, a Fed official said.

    • How can I protect myself while flying?

      If air travel is unavoidable, there are some steps you can take to protect yourself. Most important: Wash your hands often, and stop touching your face. If possible, choose a window seat. A study from Emory University found that during flu season, the safest place to sit on a plane is by a window, as people sitting in window seats had less contact with potentially sick people. Disinfect hard surfaces. When you get to your seat and your hands are clean, use disinfecting wipes to clean the hard surfaces at your seat like the head and arm rest, the seatbelt buckle, the remote, screen, seat back pocket and the tray table. If the seat is hard and nonporous or leather or pleather, you can wipe that down, too. (Using wipes on upholstered seats could lead to a wet seat and spreading of germs rather than killing them.)

    • Is ‘Covid toe’ a symptom of the disease?

      There is an uptick in people reporting symptoms of chilblains, which are painful red or purple lesions that typically appear in the winter on fingers or toes. The lesions are emerging as yet another symptom of infection with the new coronavirus. Chilblains are caused by inflammation in small blood vessels in reaction to cold or damp conditions, but they are usually common in the coldest winter months. Federal health officials do not include toe lesions in the list of coronavirus symptoms, but some dermatologists are pushing for a change, saying so-called Covid toe should be sufficient grounds for testing.

    • Should I wear a mask?

      The C.D.C. has recommended that all Americans wear cloth masks if they go out in public. This is a shift in federal guidance reflecting new concerns that the coronavirus is being spread by infected people who have no symptoms. Until now, the C.D.C., like the W.H.O., has advised that ordinary people don’t need to wear masks unless they are sick and coughing. Part of the reason was to preserve medical-grade masks for health care workers who desperately need them at a time when they are in continuously short supply. Masks don’t replace hand washing and social distancing.

    • What should I do if I feel sick?

      If you’ve been exposed to the coronavirus or think you have, and have a fever or symptoms like a cough or difficulty breathing, call a doctor. They should give you advice on whether you should be tested, how to get tested, and how to seek medical treatment without potentially infecting or exposing others.

    • How can I help?

      Charity Navigator, which evaluates charities using a numbers-based system, has a running list of nonprofits working in communities affected by the outbreak. You can give blood through the American Red Cross, and World Central Kitchen has stepped in to distribute meals in major cities.


“To see him now, devastated by this pandemic breaks my heart,” Ms. Adams said. “It’s a very, very cruel virus.”

“They are afraid to leave the house,” Mr. Livingston said. “They are the ones contracting the virus and dying.”

Credit…James Estrin/The New York Times

Mr. Hogan, the tenant association president, said that he was doing his part to reduce the number of casualties. On a recent day, he waited for a donation of face masks next to a withering memorial on the basketball court where the 14-year-old, Aamir Griffin, was killed by a stray bullet.

Nearby, a woman, Sheena Tucker, 48, stuck her head out of a second-story window and caught his attention,

“Hey!” she shouted. “You got any masks? I need one.”

Mr. Hogan shook his head. Ms. Tucker had firsthand experience with gun violence’s toll, he said. Nine years ago, her boyfriend fatally shot her teenage son, Keith Murrell, during an argument in her apartment. The boyfriend, Damel Burton, later shot two other men on a city bus.

The killer now was invisible and microscopic, but no less dangerous, Mr. Hogan said. Ms. Tucker came outside and pressed him again about getting face coverings.

“We are expecting masks soon,” Mr. Hogan told her.

Their conversation was interrupted by the wails of a woman passing in a wheelchair pushed by two paramedics.

“Oh my God!” Ms. Tucker said. “It’s Michelle! Michelle! Michelle, are you OK?!”

Ms. Tucker and Mr. Hogan watched as the ambulance took the woman away.

“See?” Mr. Hogan said. “This is happening to us in real time.”

Several days later, Mr. Hogan and three other men returned to the complex with supplies. They knocked on random doors and announced: “Masks! We got masks!”

When they were back outside, another resident, Linda Lewis, 60, recognized Mr. Hogan‘s green eyes above his mask.

Ms. Lewis said that her son, Andre, 40, who has diabetes, had been placed in a medically induced coma at a hospital after he had gotten a severe case of Covid-19.

“He’s my only child and I have not been able to see him,” Ms. Lewis said through tears.

All Mr. Hogan could do, he said, was offer words of encouragement from six feet away. A comforting hug, one of his trademarks, was out of the question.

“I’m praying,” she whispered.

He nodded.

“That’s all you can do,” he said.

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