Tag: Steel and Iron

How Life on Our Planet Made It Through Snowball Earth

Today, the world is warming. But from about 720 to 635 million years ago, temperatures swerved the other way as the planet became encased in ice during the two ice ages known as Snowball Earth. It happened fast, and within just a few thousand years or so, ice stretched over both land and sea, from […]

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The Steel Mill That Helped Build the American West Goes Green

PUEBLO, Colo. — Sparks flew a hundred feet in the air. Bare metal shrieked as powerful jolts of electricity passed through a furnace that melts scrap — like old cars and tossed-out refrigerators — into puddles, turning them into shiny recycled steel. As I watched recently, the great arc furnace at one of the nation’s […]

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Woman of Steel

IT’S EARLY ONE APRIL morning in Todi, Italy, and the installation is already underway: the four sculptures in pieces on a flatbed truck in the deserted piazza; the dawn sky lit a dramatic ombré, like a Giorgio de Chirico painting. Within the hour, the town begins to wake: flocks of schoolchildren, men and women oblivious […]

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Richard Serra Is Carrying the Weight of the World

What do we talk about when we talk about sculpture? Not pounds or kilograms, for sure. It hardly deepens our view of Giacometti’s spindly figures or Calder’s light-as-air mobiles, or even the pioneering brown-hued “Guitar” that Picasso assembled from sheet metal, to know they weigh, say, 50 or 60 or 100 pounds. But Richard Serra, […]

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These Companies Wanted Tariffs. How Are They Faring Now?

The early winners in President Trump’s trade wars are finding that victory can be bittersweet. Unlike many American corporations, companies in industries like steel, aluminum, lumber and home appliances asked Mr. Trump to raise tariffs or backed his trade policies. These businesses, which include United States Steel, Century Aluminum and Whirlpool, had long complained of […]

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Trump’s Metals Tariffs Did Not Revive American Manufacturing

HOLMESTRAND, Norway — President Trump’s tariffs on imported steel and aluminum were supposed to revitalize American producers and handicap foreign competitors. What happened shows the perils of using trade policy to revive struggling industries. The tariffs, which took full effect a year ago, have spurred a handful of domestic investments and the reopening of a […]

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