United States to Sign Asylum Agreement With El Salvador, Official Says

WASHINGTON — The United States is expected Friday to sign an asylum agreement with the government of El Salvador to prevent certain migrants who pass through the violent and dangerous country from seeking refuge in the United States, according to an administration official.

The agreement is similar to one that President Trump’s administration negotiated with Guatemala in an ongoing effort to prevent migrants from crossing the border with Mexico and seeking asylum in the United States.

Kevin McAleenan, the acting secretary of homeland security, will announce the agreement at a news conference on Friday afternoon, according to the official, who requested anonymity because he was not authorized to discuss the agreement before it is formally announced.

Mr. McAleenan has said that such agreements will help to slow the flow into the United States of migrants fleeing corruption and persecution in their home countries because it will force them to seek protection elsewhere.

But critics have said it makes no sense to ask the migrants to seek protection in those countries, because they are among the most dangerous, gang-ridden places in the world. The agreement with Guatemala requires migrants who pass through there to apply for asylum — and be rejected — before they are eligible to apply for asylum in the United States.

Immigrant advocacy organizations, who say the policies are orchestrated by Stephen Miller, the president’s top immigration architect, and are driven by ill will toward immigrants, have taken legal action to stop them.

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